सुचना का अधिकार

सुचना का अधिकार क्या है 

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  • सूचना का अधिकार एक मौलिक अधिकार है जो विभिन्न अधिकारों तथा दायित्वों से अस्तित्व में आता है। 
  • What does information mean?
  • Information means any material in any form including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force but does not include “file notings” [S.2(f)].
  • What is "right to information"?
  • “Right to information” means the right to information accessible under the Act which is held by or under the control of any public authority and includes the right to---

    (i) inspection of work, documents, records;
    (ii) taking notes, extracts, or certified copies of documents or records;
    (iii) taking certified samples of material;
    (iv) Obtaining information in the form of diskettes, floppies, tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts where such information is stored in a computer or in any other device.

  • What type of information may be obtained under the RTI act?
  • The type of information which may be obtained is defined under section 2 (f) of the Act as any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, log books,   contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force.
  • How can I apply for information?
  • Draft your application on a normal sheet of paper and submit it by post or in person to the Public Information Officer (PIO). [Remember to keep a copy of the application for your personal reference.
  • क्या लोक सूचना अधिकारी मुझे सूचना देने से मना कर सकता है?
  • लोक सूचना अधिकारी सूचना के अधिकारी कानून के अनुच्छेद 8 में बताए गए विषयों से सम्बंधित  सूचनाएं देने से मना कर सकता है। इसमें विदेशी सरकारों से प्राप्त गोपनीय सूचनाएं, सुरक्षा अनुमानों से सम्बंधित सूचनाएं, रणनीतिक, वैज्ञानिक या देश के आर्थिक हितों से जुड़े मामले, विधनमण्डल के विशेषाधिकार  हनन सम्बंधित मामले से जुड़ी सूचना शमिल हैं। अधिनियम  की दूसरी अनुसूची में ऐसी 18 एजेंसियों की सूची दी गई है जहां सूचना का अधिकार  लागू नहीं होता है, फिर भी, यदि सूचना भ्रष्टाचार के आरोपों या मानवाधिकारो  के हनन से जुड़ी हुई है तो इन विभागों को भी सूचना देनी पड़ेगी।
  • What does the RTI Act do?  
  • Under the RTI Act, 2005, Public Authorities are required to make disclosures on various aspects of their structure and functioning.  This includes: (i) disclosure on their organisation, functions, and structure, (ii) powers and duties of its officers and employees, and (iii) financial information.  The intent of such suo moto disclosures is that the public should need minimum recourse through the Act to obtain such information.  If such information is not made available, citizens have the right to request for it from the Authorities.  This may include information in the form of documents, files, or electronic records under the control of the Public Authority.  The intent behind the enactment of the Act is to promote transparency and accountability in the working of Public Authorities. 
  • Who is included in the ambit of ‘Public Authorities’?
  • ‘Public Authorities’ include bodies of self-government established under the Constitution, or under any law or government notification.  For instance, these include Ministries, public sector undertakings, and regulators.  It also includes any entities owned, controlled or substantially financed and non-government organizations substantially financed directly or indirectly by funds provided by the government. 
  • How is the right to information enforced under the Act?
  • The Act has established a three tier structure for enforcing the right to information guaranteed under the Act.

    Public Authorities designate some of their officers as Public Information Officers.  The first request for information goes to Central/State Assistant Public Information Officer and Central/State Public Information Officer, designated by the Public Authorities. These Officers are required to provide information to an RTI applicant within 30 days of the request.  Appeals from their decisions go to an Appellate Authority.  Appeals against the order of the Appellate Authority go to the State Information Commission or the Central Information Commission.  These Information Commissions consists of a Chief Information Commissioner, and up to 10 Information Commissioners. 

  • What does the Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019 propose?
  • The Bill changes the terms and conditions of service of the CIC and Information Commissioners at the centre and in states.  Table 1 below compares the provisions of the Act and the Bill. 

    Table 1:  Comparison of the provisions of the Right to Information Act, 2005 and the Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019

    Provision

    RTI Act, 2005

    RTI (Amendment) Bill, 2019

    Term

    The Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and Information Commissioners (ICs) (at the central and state level) will hold office for a term of five years. 

    The Bill removes this provision and states that the central government will notify the term of office for the CIC and the ICs.

    Quantum of Salary

    The salary of the CIC and ICs (at the central level) will be equivalent to the salary paid to the Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners, respectively. 

    Similarly, the salary of the CIC and ICs (at the state level) will be equivalent to the salary paid to the Election Commissioners and the Chief Secretary to the state government, respectively. 

     The Bill removes these provisions and states that the salaries, allowances, and other terms and conditions of service of the central and state CIC and ICs will be determined by the central government.

     

    Deductions in Salary

    The Act states that at the time of the appointment of the CIC and ICs (at the central and state level), if they are receiving pension or any other retirement benefits for previous government service, their salaries will be reduced by an amount equal to the pension. 

    Previous government service includes service under: (i) the central government, (ii) state government, (iii) corporation established under a central or state law, and (iv) company owned or controlled by the central or state government.

    The Bill removes these provisions.

     

  • What type of information may be obtained under the RTI act?
  • The type of information which may be obtained is defined under section 2 (f) of the Act as any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, log books,   contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force.
  • Who can seek information under the Right to Information Act, 2005?
  • As per section 3 of the RTI Act any Indian citizen can seek information under the Act.
  • What is the difference between an appeal and a Complaint under the RTI Act?
  • What is the difference between an appeal and a Complaint under the RTI Act?
  • A second appeal under section 19 (3) of the Act is filed against an order of the FAA in a public authority or when the FAA does not make a decision within the specified time. A complaint under section 18 of the Act may be filed directly on the grounds mentioned in sub-section (1) of this section. The main difference between a complaint and a second appeal is that in the case of an appeal, this Commission may pass orders directing the CPIO to provide the requested information to the appellant in appropriate cases whereas such orders cannot be passed while dealing with a complaint
  • सूचना अधिकार के तहत आवेदन (RTI) कैसे लिखें?
  • (इसके लिए आप एक सादा पेपर लें और उसमे 1 इंच की कोने से जगह छोड़े और नीचे दिए गए प्रारूप में अपने सूचना अधिकार के तहत आवेदन (RTI) लिख लें)

    सूचना का अधिकार 2005 की धारा 6(1) और 6(3) के अंतर्गत आवेदन।

    सेवा में,

    अधिकारी का पद / जनसूचना अधिकारी

    विभाग का नाम.............

    विभाग का पता.............

     

    विषय - सूचना अधिकार के तहत आवेदन (RTI) Act 2005 के अंतर्गत .................. से संबधित सूचनाऐं।

    अपने सवाल यहाँ लिखें।

    1-..............................

    2-...............................

    3-..............................

    4-..............................

    मैं आवेदन फीस के रूप में 20रू का पोस्टलऑर्डर ........ संख्या अलग से जमा कर रहा /रही हूं।

    या

    मैं बी.पी.एल. कार्डधारी हूं। इसलिए सभी देय शुल्कों से मुक्त हूं। मेरा बी.पी.एल.कार्ड नं..............है।

    यदि मांगी गई सूचना आपके विभाग/कार्यालय से सम्बंधित नहीं हो तो सूचना का अधिकार अधिनियम, 2005 की धारा 6 (3) का संज्ञान लेते हुए मेरा आवेदन सम्बंधित लोकसूचना अधिकारी को पांच दिनों के समयावधि के अन्तर्गत हस्तान्तरित करें। साथ ही अधिनियम के प्रावधानों के तहत सूचना उपलब्ध कराते समय प्रथम अपील अधिकारी का नाम व पता अवश्य बतायें।

     

    भवदीय

    नाम:....................

    पता:.....................

    फोन नं:..................

    हस्ताक्षर...................

    ये सब लिखने के बाद अपने हस्ताक्षर कर दें।

  • What is "right to information"?
  • “Right to information” means the right to information accessible under the Act which is held by or under the control of any public authority and includes the right to---

    (i) inspection of work, documents, records;
    (ii) taking notes, extracts, or certified copies of documents or records;
    (iii) taking certified samples of material;
    (iv) Obtaining information in the form of diskettes, floppies, tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts where such information is stored in a computer or in any other device.

  • यदि लोक सूचना अधिकारी या सम्बंधित  विभाग मेरा आवेदन स्वीकार नहीं करता तो मुझे क्या करना चाहिए?
  • आप इसे पोस्ट द्वारा भेज सकते हैं। अधिनियम  की धारा 18 के अनुसार आपको सम्बंधित  सूचना आयोग में शिकायत भी करनी चाहिए। सूचना आयुक्त के पास उस अधिकारी के खिलाफ २५०००  रू तक जुर्माना लगाने का अधिकारी है जिसने आपका आवेदन लेने से मना किया है। शिकायत में आपको सूचना आयुक्त को सिर्फ एक पत्र लिखना होता है, जिसमें आप आवेदन जमा करते समय पेश आने वाली परेशानियों के विषय में बताते हुए लोक सूचना अधिकारी पर जुर्माना लगाने का निवेदन कर सकते हैं।
  • Who can seek information under the Right to Information Act, 2005?
  • As per section 3 of the RTI Act any Indian citizen can seek information under the Act.
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